President Herbert Hoover — was an alumnus of Stanford University , graduating in to become a mining engineer. When World War I erupted, Hoover found himself in Europe, quickly becoming involved in ongoing efforts to provide relief aid to wartime refugees. Adams suggested that Hoover take it upon himself to preserve the records of the organization he directed, the Commission for Relief in Belgium.
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Hoover also later recounted that he was further driven in the task of systematic archiving by his own wartime research as food administrator. In the first volume his memoirs, published in , Hoover wrote:. I did a vast amount of reading, mostly on previous wars, revolutions, and peace-makings of Europe and especially the political and economic aftermaths.
At one time I set up some research at London, Paris, and Berlin into previous famines in Europe to see if there had developed any ideas on handling relief and pestilence. I was shortly convinced that gigantic famine would follow the present war. The steady degeneration of agriculture was obvious. I read in one of Andrew D. White's writings that most of the fugitive literature of comment during the French Revolution was lost to history because no one set any value on it at the time, and that without such material it became very difficult or impossible to reconstruct the real scene.
Andrew D. White donated his vast collection of ephemera from the French Revolution to Cornell University in rmc. In February , Congress established a new agency known as the American Relief Administration as a mechanism for the supply of food aid to the hungry people of post-war Europe.
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Please also note on your calendar that the next general meeting of the Mont Pelerin Society is scheduled to be held in Oslo, Norway from September 1—5, For more information on the Mont Pelerin Society, click here. The Mont Pelerin Society is composed of persons who continue to see the dangers to civilized society outlined in the statement of aims.
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They have seen economic and political liberalism in the ascendant for a time since World War II in some countries but also its apparent decline in more recent times. Though not necessarily sharing a common interpretation, either of causes or consequences, they see danger in the expansion of government, not least in state welfare, in the power of trade unions and business monopoly, and in the continuing threat and reality of inflation. Again without detailed agreements, the members see the Society as an effort to interpret in modern terms the fundamental principles of economic society as expressed by those classical economists, political scientists, and philosophers who have inspired many in Europe, America and throughout the Western World.
With its eminent scholars and world-renowned Library and Archives, the Hoover Institution seeks to improve the human condition by advancing ideas that promote economic opportunity and prosperity, while securing and safeguarding peace for America and all mankind. Now more than five decades old, Herbert Hoover's statement to the Board of Trustees of Stanford University on the purpose and scope of the Hoover Institution continues to guide and define its mission in the twenty-first century:.
Both our social and economic systems are based on private enterprise from which springs initiative and ingenuity Ours is a system where the Federal Government should undertake no governmental, social or economic action, except where local government, or the people, cannot undertake it for themselves The overall mission of this Institution is, from its records, to recall the voice of experience against the making of war, and by the study of these records and their publication, to recall man's endeavors to make and preserve peace, and to sustain for America the safeguards of the American way of life.
This Institution is not, and must not be, a mere library.
But with these purposes as its goal, the Institution itself must constantly and dynamically point the road to peace, to personal freedom, and to the safeguards of the American system. The principles of individual, economic, and political freedom; private enterprise; and representative government were fundamental to the vision of the Institution's founder. By collecting knowledge, generating ideas, and disseminating both, the Institution seeks to secure and safeguard peace, improve the human condition, and limit government intrusion into the lives of individuals.
Alberto Mingardi is Director General of the Italian free-market think tank, Istituto Bruno Leoni, which he contributed to establish in He wrote a monograph on Herbert Spencer and one on Thomas Hodgskin He is currently working on a book in English on Thomas Hodgskin.
The Coolidge Foundation is the sponsor of the popular Coolidge Scholarship, a full college scholarship for academic merit, and the Coolidge Senators program, which exposes gifted students the values of President Coolidge. She was a syndicated columnist for ten years, first at the Financial Times, then Bloomberg. Before that, she served as editorial board member of the Wall Street Journal. Annelise Anderson is a research fellow emerita at the Hoover Institution.
She is the coauthor or coeditor of several books on Ronald Reagan and his presidency including Reagan: In His Own Hand and Reagan: A Life in Letters and a variety of books and articles on public policy. She has also advised the governments of Russia, Romania, and the Republic of Georgia on economic reform. She was appointed a Hoover fellow in Anthony B. Kim is research manager and editor of the Index of Economic Freedom , published annually by the Heritage Foundation. Previously, Kim served as deputy chief of staff to Heritage founder Edwin J.
Focusing on policies related to economic freedom, entrepreneurship, and investment in various countries around the world, Kim researches international economic issues. The Index of Economic Freedom is a widely respected policy guidebook that tracks the march of economic freedom around the world by measuring twelve freedoms—from property rights to entrepreneurship—in countries.
In , after publishing the Index for a decade, Heritage executives decided that changes were needed to make it more accessible to more readers, from policy makers to investors around the globe.
Kim helped oversee and implement those changes. He holds a master's degree in international trade and investment policy from the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University. She served as a member of the Dutch Parliament from to While in parliament, she focused on furthering the integration of non-Western immigrants into Dutch society and defending the rights of Muslim women. He is author of more than seventy-five scholarly articles and policy studies.
Powell's research findings have been reported in hundreds of popular press outlets including the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times. He also writes frequently for the popular press. Bob Chitester is the founder and executive chairman of Free to Choose Network. After completing his BA and MA degrees at the University of Michigan, he created closed-circuit educational television systems and launched a public television and radio station, which he headed for sixteen years.
Chitester also created Stossel in the Classroom , which morphed into Izzit. He started the Idea Channel, a library of more than two hundred recordings of intellectual discussions between the world's leading scholars, which includes sixteen Nobel Prize laureates. Currently he is leading the effort to develop several community engagement activities associated with the upcoming series on the US Constitution, A More or Less Perfect Union , hosted by Judge Douglas Ginsburg. Bridgett Wagner, as vice president for policy promotion at the Washington, DC—based think tank the Heritage Foundation, oversees its coalition relations, Truluck Center for Leadership Development, and Young Leaders Program, among other duties.
All of these areas are focused on spreading conservative principles, policies, and ideas among allies, public audiences, interns, young professionals, and new audiences. Her responsibilities also include advising and consulting with fellow leaders in the think-tank and nonprofit communities. She first joined Heritage in as a research assistant to the president of the foundation, and she has served in various leadership roles in external relations, events, and fundraising.
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Bruce Caldwell is a research professor of economics and the director of the Center for the History of Political Economy at Duke University. Hayek Since he has served as the general editor of The Collected Works of F. He is currently working together with Hansjoerg Klausinger on a full biography of Hayek.
In — he will pursue this project as a distinguished visiting fellow at the Hoover Institution. David R. He was previously a senior economist for health policy and energy policy with President Reagan's Council of Economic Advisers. He became a US citizen in April Dominique Lazanski is a London-based digital policy and strategy consultant and is the director of her own company, Last Press Label.
She was on the executive multistakeholder committee for NetMundial in April and just finished her three-year appointment to the multistakeholder advisory group of the Internet Governance Forum. In she was a UN expert on access and connectivity. Lazanski began her career with positions at Yahoo, eBay, and Apple, where she helped launch the first iTunes stores in the United States.
She has written and spoken on digital issues.
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She is an amateur biathlete and enjoys Japanese embroidery, travel, hiking, and Nordic skiing. Douglas H. Before joining the bench, he was a professor at Harvard Law School and then assistant attorney general of the United States for antitrust. Westminster insiders look forward each week to his wry online commentary on politics and politicians.
Eamonn has received many awards in recognition of his long-term commitment to furthering the market economy, such as the UK National Free Enterprise Award and the Freedom Medal of the Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge.
He is honorary secretary of the Mont Pelerin Society. He has appeared in many TV and film documentaries on policy issues, such as Brexit: The Movie , and produced the two-part historical documentary Secrets of the Magna Carta. Butler is a prolific author of books on a wide range of subjects, from economics to psychology and politics.
These include easy-to-read introductions to the economists Milton Friedman, F. Edwin J. Feulner is founder and former president of the Heritage Foundation. After President Donald J. He later attended Georgetown University and the London School of Economics, and earned a doctorate degree at the University of Edinburgh in Fred McMahon is Dr. Michael A. He manages the Economic Freedom of the World Network, an alliance of think tanks in nearly one hundred nations and territories.
The network produces the Economic Freedom of the World Report , an annual study that ranks nations on economic liberty.